GMAT语法高频易错问题考点实例分析 平行结构正确用法说明

小站整理2021-01-07 15:15:25

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摘要:gmat语法,又叫句子改错(sentence correction),是GMAT语文(VERBAL)三大题型中难度较高但也较容易提分的题型。因此,想要考好GMAT语法秒解难题还是需要花上一番功夫的。特别是对于考试涉及的各类语法点和疑难杂症,考生势必要多加努力才能有所收获。本文将实例讲解GMAT语法中高频易错的部分题目。

GMAT考试中语法改错SC题型让考生比较头疼的一点在于考试本身覆盖的语法点太多,大家别考时间不够就很有可能出现遗漏或者来不及准备的情况。有鉴于此小编建议大家从高频热门语法点开始优先准备起来。下面小编就来说明平行结构的正确用法。

GMAT语法大百科语法点:平行结构的用法说明

一、连词连接两个对等的词和对等的结构

并列连词and, but, as well as, or, or else, both … and, neither … nor, either … or, not only … but (also), rather than等以及从属连词than可连接两个对等的词和对等的结构。

1.所连接的谓语形式必须一致

例1:He went downtown, bought some books and visited his daughter.

2.所连接的词或短语形式必须一致

例1:Your semester grade is based not only on how well you do on each test, but also on how you participate in class.

3.连接的非谓语动词的形式必须一致

例1:Some find swimming more enjoyable than sitting at home reading.

4.所连接的句子结构必须一致

例1:She is pleased with what you have given and all that you have told him.

二、某些特定的固定结构

(1)有些词后要用平行结构。例如:

prefer sth to sth

prefer doing sth to doing sth

prefer to do sth rather than do sth

(2)有些结构中要用平行结构。例如:

would / had rather / sooner do something than do something, would / had as soon do something as do something (宁可……也不……)

GMAT高频平行结构用法实例讲解

Like their male counterparts, women scientists are above average in terms of intelligence and creativity, but unlike men of science, their female counterparts have had to work against the grain of occupational stereotyping to enter a "man's world."

(A) their female counterparts have had to work

(B) their problem is working

(C) one thing they have had to do is work

(D) the handicap women of science have had is to work

(E) women of science have had to work

选项分析:

首先,分清楚比较的对象是women和men,

按照平行结构的规则,用sb do sth的结构比较好

又要和前面unlike men of science相对应,所以答案E是最合适的

GMAT语法中平行结构的相关考点细节就为大家介绍到这里,最后祝各位考生都能顺利通过GMAT考试拿到高分。

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