托福写作怎样充分展现自身词汇句式储备和运用能力?这些改写技巧学起来

小站整理2021-05-27 11:35:26

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摘要:托福写作中考生用词和句式空洞重复的问题经常发生。而按照ETS官方给出的作文评分标准,出现这类问题都会造成作文扣分。考生如何才能避免在托福写作中出现用词或句式的空洞重复?本文将通过一些例句改写为大家讲解技巧思路。(搜“小站托福”公众号,回复关键词“资讯”,掌握托福最新的考试资讯及留学信息。)

托福写作评分标准中对考生作文的用词和句式有所要求,如果大家写出的文章中存在较多的用词重复以及句式空洞等问题,那么得分不可避免地会受到一定影响。其实想要解决这类问题很简单,学会改写句式就可以应对。下面就由小编来为大家介绍具体方法。

托福写作如何避免用词空洞?

1. 一些空洞的单词或词组更本不能为句子带来任何相关的或重要的信息,完全可以被删掉。比如下面的句子:

When all things are considered, young adults of today live more satisfying lives than those of their parents,in my opinion.

这句话当中的“when all things are considered”和“in my opinion”都显得多余。完全可以去掉。改为:Young adults of today live more satisfying lives than their parents.

2. 有些空洞和繁琐的表达方式可以进行替换,例如:

Due to the fact that our grandparents were under an obligation to help their parents, they did not have the options that young people have at this point in time.

“due to the fact that”就是一个很典型的繁琐的表达方式的例子,可以替换,简化为下面的表达方式:

Because our grandparents were obligated to help their parents,they did not have the options that young people have now.

托福写作如何减少内容重复?

1. 尽量避免重复使用同样的词汇。或者有的时候虽然词汇没有重复,但意思却有重复。这时候可以做一些简化的工作。例如下面这个例子::

The farm my grandfather grew up on was large in size.

Large 对一个farm来说就是size方面的large,所以in size可以去掉,改为:The farm my grandfather grew up on was large.

更简洁的表达方式为:My grandfather grew up on a large farm.

2. 有时一个词组可以用一个更简单的单词来替换,例如:

My grandfather has said over and over again that he had to work on his parents' farm.

这里的over and over again就可以改为repeatedly,显得更为简洁:

My grandfather has said repeatedly that he had to work on his parents' farm.

以上就是关于托福写作中避免用词句式空洞重复的改写技巧分享,希望大家能够学会这些方法,提升作文的词句质量,获得更好地作文得分。

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