GMAT语法常见扣分考点分析对比 不不定式正确错误用法实例讲解

小站整理2021-06-08 13:46:24

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摘要:在GMAT语法考试中,不定式作为一种常见的英语形式经常作为考点出现,可以算是比较高频的语法重点之一。而想要做好涉及到不定式的题目,考生就需要对这一考点就充分了解和认识。本文将带来GAM语法不定式考点的真题解析。

英语中的不定式相信大家都不会陌生,GMAT语法中涉及到不定式的考试内容众多,可以算是相当高频的一个考点。但不定式虽然常见,有时候难度高起来也会让考生觉得头疼。下面小编会结合真题为大家解析GMAT语法不定式的相关难题考点。

GMAT语法不定式考点出题形式一览

不定式在句子中可以充当很多成分,如名词,形容词或副词:

◆ Noun: I love TO SWIM. To swim 作为love 的宾语.

◆ Adjective: The person TO MEET is here. To meet 修饰名词person .

◆ Adverb: Sue paused TO EAT lunch. To eat 修饰动词paused .

GMAT语法不定式正确错误用法对比

对于不定式的使用,我们也更应该关注不定式所要表达的目的:

Right: The contractors demolished the building TO KEEP it from falling down accidentally. demolished 的发起者是contractors ,同时也是不定式to keep的发起者,它描述了demolish 的目的,这里的it 指代building。

我们再看一个例子:

Wrong: The building was demolished TO AVOID falling down accidentally. 例子中building 本身不可能AVOID falling down,对于上面例子可以这样修改:The building was demolished TO KEEP IT from falling down accidentally. 这里的it 指代building ,经过这样修改,building 变成了不定式的宾语。不定式虽然可騨发名词用但还是和名词有许多不同的地方,比如不能作为介词的宾语。

GMAT语法不定式解题技巧真题详解

真题例题

Australian embryologists have found evidence that suggests that the elephant is descended from an aquatic animal, and its trunk originally evolving as a kind of snorkel.

A that suggests that the elephant is descended from an aquatic animal, and its trunk originally evolving

B that has suggested the elephant descended from an aquatic animal, its trunk originally evolving

C suggesting that the elephant had descended from an aquatic animal with its trunk originally evolved

D to suggest that the elephant had descended from an aquatic animal and its trunk originally evolved

E to suggest that the elephant is descended from an aquatic animal and that its trunk originally evolved

选项解析

A. Suggest that… and that…. 第二个that不能省略,且and前面不需要逗号

B. Suggest的用法不符合习语

C. 句子使用过去完成时没有根据,with部分结构错误

D. 宾语从句平行,第二个that不能省略

E. 正确

以上就是关于GMAT语法SC中不定式考点的相关指导解析,希望各位考生能够对这一语法考点有所了解,学会正确应对此类题目的解题思路和技巧,在语法部分取得更为理想的成绩。

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